Sunday, August 20, 2017
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Demonstration Projects

The Nez Perce Conservation District has completed weed control demonstration projects for white bryony, hybrid knotweed, and riparian restoration controls. In addition, a demonstration project for spring restoration weed control is underway.

 

Knotweed Control Demonstration Project

This project completed in 2006, evaluated treatment methods for the control of hybrid knotweed. Results are discussed here.

Due to early emergence in spring and a rapid growth rate, knotweeds out-compete native plants by competing for light, moisture, and nutrients. The plants can completely clog small waterways, displace native vegetation due to its aggressive growth, reduce stream shade by prohibiting tree growth, and create bank erosion problems, thus warranting it as a flood hazard. The ecological impacts of this plant lead to a decrease in riparian habitat for salmon and other fish, wildlife, and river systems.

Knotweed map

The demonstration project evaluated 15 treatment methods at 3 locations within the watershed. The project objectives were:

  • Evaluate chemical and mechanical control methods
  • Demonstrate potential methods for control.
  • Educate watershed landowners about hybrid knotweed
  • Conclusions

    The injection treatment plots were the most effective with 97% mortality in the plots. The cut and cover treatments were effective, with approximately 60% plant mortality. No difference was noted from the timing of covering. The cut and wipe with chemical treatments resulted in approximately 80% plant mortality. The foliar treatments resulted in approximately 23% plant mortality.

    Hybrid Knotweed Control-Demonstration Project - 2006

     

    White Bryony Control Demonstration Project

    White BryonyThis demonstration project was conducted on one site in the Lapwai Creek watershed. This project concluded in 2006 and resulted in the identification of root cutting as the most effective control method.

    The demonstration project was completed in order to identify the best treatment method for controlling white bryony within the watershed. White bryony is mostly found infesting hawthorn groves near spring sources. Control efforts are necessary to maintain the hawthorn stands.

    White Bryony map

    A stream inventory conducted in 2003 indicated a lack of riparian vegetation was contributing to the habitat limitations. These limitations include poor in stream cover (from lack of woody debris), high water temperatures (lack of vegetation to provide shade), low summer flows (low organic matter in banks to store water) and sediment (lack of root mass in stream banks to prevent erosion). Weeds are a major concern in the ability to establish riparian vegetation. One of the weeds identified is white bryony shown in the image above. The extent of white bryony in the watershed is unknown.

    However, the control of this weed is necessary prior to restoration activities. The demonstration project was developed to identify treatment methods and educate landowners. The treatment site is located within the Lapwai Creek watershed in Nez Perce County, the site is in bottomland area with intermittent water (see location image). Adjacent land uses are cropland.

    Five treatments were selected and include a control (no treatment), 2,4-D wiped on root, glyphosate wiped on root, glyphosate sprayed onto leaves, and severing of the root.

    Based on the results observed during the 2004 and 2005 field seasons, the severed root and foliar glyphosate treatments were the most effective control methods for white bryony plants, yielding 100% mortality. The drilled glyphosate and 2,4-D treatments were effective, with 97% and 94% mortality rates, respectively, although plant mortality was greater with the other treatments, excluding the control. Due to the increased mortality and decreased chemical costs, the severed root treatment is the most economical and effective control treatment used in this demonstration project. Although the foliar application yielded 100% mortality, the labor and chemical costs make it less efficient; the white bryony plants had to physically be removed from the nearby vegetation to reduce non-target impacts, thereby significantly increasing labor and cost. In the future, severing the plant root is recommended for control of white bryony plants.

    White Bryony Control-Demonstration Project - 2006

     

    Riparian Planting Weed Control Demonstration

    This project evaluated various weed control techniques around tree plantings in a dense reeds canary grass area. Results are discussed here.

    Under development...

     

    Sprint Restoration Weeds Control Demonstration

    This project evaluates weed control techniques used to restore native vegetation at springs. Results are discussed here.

    Under development...

     

    Contact Us

    Nez Perce
    Soil and Water
    Conservation District

    Office Location:
    27880 Chambers Road
    Culdesac, ID 83524
    (Map of Office Location)

    Phone: (208) 843-2931
    Fax: (208) 843-2234

    E-mail NPSWCD

    Mailing Address:
    P.O. Box 131
    Culdesac, ID 83524

    Office Hours:
    10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.
    Monday-Thursday
    or by appointment


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