Monday, November 20, 2017
Information
 

Big Canyon Creek Results

In 2004, a total of 199.4 miles of road were surveyed in the Big Canyon Creek watershed. For full details of the survey review the Big Canyon Creek Roadside Weed Inventory report. Overall, 16 weed species were observed ranging from 0.1 to 144.6 miles of road segments (Table 3). Total lengths for all weed segments observed is available in Table 3. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) and St Johns Wort (Hypericum perforatum) were widely distributed, being observed along 144.6 and 105.0 linear miles of road segments. The distribution of other weeds will be discussed by groups as defined by the CBWMA.

Table 3. Weed Species and Length of Infestation Present in the Big Canyon Watershed.

Weed SpeciesCBWMA GroupLength (miles)
Canada ThistleReduce144.6
Yellowstar ThistleReduce19.5
Spotted KnapweedReduce6.1
Total170.2
Sulfur CinquefoilCustodial43.2
Field BindweedCustodial37.4
Total80.6
Tansy RagwortEradicate6.8
Yellow ToadflaxEradicate0.1
Total6.7
Poison HemlockContain2.0
Scotch ThistleContain1.3
Hybrid KnotweedContain0.1
Total3.4
Dalmatian ToadflaxControl0.4
Total0.4
St. John’s WortOther Species105.0
Hounds TongueOther Species10.9
Common TansyOther Species10.9
Bull ThistleOther Species0.3
Common BurdockOther Species0.2
Total127.3


(Click on images to view larger versions)

Big Canyon Reduce Reduce
Canada thistle, yellowstar thistle (Centaurea solstitialis), and spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa) were the three species observed and classified in the reduce group. Overall, the three were observed along 170.2 miles of road (Table 3.)
Big Canyon Custodial Custodial
Sulfur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta) and field bindweed (Convovusus arvensis) were the two species classified in the custodial group; they were observed along 80.6 miles of road (Table 3).

Big Canyon Eradicate Eradicate
Tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobacea), and yellow toadflax (Linaria vulgaris) were the two species classified in the eradicate group. Combined, they were observed along 17.8 miles of road (Table 3).
Big Canyon Contain Contain
Poison hemlock (Conium Maculatum), scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium), and hybrid knotweed (Polygonum bohemicum) were the three species observed from the contain group. They were observed along 3.4 miles of road (Table 3).
Big Canyon Control Control
Dalmation toadflax (Linaria dalmatica) was the only species observed in the control group. It was observed along 0.4 miles of road (Table 3).

Other species

St. Johns Wort, bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare), hounds tongue (Cynoglossum officinale), common burdock (Arctium minus), and common tansy (Tanecetum vulgare) were observed along 116.4 miles of road. These introduced species are not addressed by the CBWMA, but were noted during the weed surveys.

Discussion/Recommendations

We recommend the eradication of all weed species distributed along less than 10 road miles throughout the entire watershed. These species are listed in Table 3. Reducing their distribution along these roads may slow or prevent further distribution. Eradication methods might include chemical, mechanical, or biological means.

Due to limited resources and available methods of control, widely distributed weeds will be approached differently (Table 3). For these species, we recommend efforts to slow, not eliminate, distribution. Treatments may include: treating the leading edge of infestations, eradication of small isolated infestations, or use of bio controls over the entire distribution. Species with extensive distributions should be treated by methods that treat at an appropriate scale, such as biological controls. These species include: Canada thistle, Yellowstar thistle, Spotted Knapweed, and St. Johns Wort.

 

Summary, Methods and Watershed Results
 

Contact Us

Nez Perce
Soil and Water
Conservation District

Office Location:
27880 Chambers Road
Culdesac, ID 83524
(Map of Office Location)

Phone: 208-843-2931
Fax: 208-843-2234

E-mail NPSWCD

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 131
Culdesac, ID 83524

Office Hours:
10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Monday-Thursday
or by appointment


Follow us on Twitter

 

top of page